As a result, every effort to effect long-term change must include some type of teaching. Providing children with a high-quality education reflects the reality that every kid has inherent human rights and should be treated with respect. Poverty, violence, abuse, exploitation, and other unpleasant outcomes arise when children do not have access to education.
Unfortunately, for destitute or underprivileged households in Africa, obtaining a quality education is difficult. A supportive environment has a significant impact on the quality of education that children get. This setting comprises books and school supplies, as well as necessary learning resources. A caring environment also involves constant financial assistance so that children may count on being able to attend school and complete their education.
Top 6 Challenges Facing Education in Africa and Suggestive Solutions in 2023
- Weaknesses of Lecturers
- Failure of the government in the provision of funds
- Lack of practical experience
- The setting for learning
Sub-Saharan Africa, according to UNESCO, has the highest rates of educational exclusion of any area. One-third of children aged 12 to 14 years are followed by one-third of adolescents aged 12 to 14. According to UIS data, about 60% of young people between the ages of 15 and 17 do not attend school.
In addition, 9 million girls between the ages of 6 and 11 in the region will never attend school. As a result, many students are compelled to drop out of school due to financial difficulties or a lack of resources. According to the United Nations, 42% of African students would drop out before completing basic school.
1. Weaknesses of Lecturers: The majority of lecturers in Africa do not complete their tasks properly. They have no idea how to provide high-quality services to students at numerous African universities. They fail to update their lecture notes, rely on textbooks that their “forefathers” used throughout their studies, and do not keep up with technological advancements.
Some of them just scribble notes to the pupils without explaining what the messages are about. How many African professors have laptops or PCs with current information? Do Engineering and other departments’ instructors keep up with the most recent breakthroughs in their fields?
2. Failure of the government in the provision of funds: Another significant factor that has a great impeding effect on Africa’s educational advancement is government failure. Selfishness runs through the blood of many regimes on this continent. They’re more interested in finding ways to divert the funds that are meant for the public.
One can ask, “Do I believe their children are likewise affected since they are members of the community?“. They take their children to outside countries where they may receive a better education. Many tertiary institutions in Africa are on strike because governments do not want to invest in improving education quality through funding.
This is nothing new in Nigeria, where the government ignores the importance of the industry.
3. Lack of practical experience: In many African schools, pupils are taught with little or no practical experience. This problem arises at all levels of education, from elementary to higher education. This is one of the causes behind Africa’s high maternal mortality rate. The majority of African doctors are unprepared to deal with pregnant women during childbirth.
The Maternal Mortality Ratio (MMR) for developing nations is 15 times higher than for industrialized regions, according to the research. Sub-Saharan Africa accounts for 56% of all maternal fatalities worldwide (UNFPA Global Site). A medical doctor on the African continent lacks the necessary abilities to deliver a kid.
Child mortality remains greatest in Sub-Saharan Africa, where one out of every nine children dies before reaching the age of five.
4. The setting for learning: The learning environment refers to the environment in which students do their daily studies. Students’ classrooms and lecture halls are not adequately structured. The type of atmosphere in which pupils learn is quite important. The problem with kids’ study surroundings is that they are crammed with them.
A lecture space that was supposed to hold 50 pupils now has around 150 people in it. This renders the pupils’ comprehension useless. Undergraduate students at several Nigerian higher institutions still study outside in the sun. Students perform poorly in their respective departments as a result of this disease.
5. Non-patriotism: This refers to a lack of patriotism. It is a circumstance in which a citizen opposes the actions taking place in his or her nation. Traveling to other countries brings delight to the skilled instructors and lecturers in this country. This industry is undervalued by them. They are constantly on the go, rather than aiding in the growth of the African continent’s education department.
And also, the wealthy and high-income citizens do not volunteer to lend a helping hand to Africa’s education sector. They were expected to donate a tiny portion of their income to the education sector. They make money by investing in international banks, which enriches foreign countries.
6. Crises: Many governments in the African continent are experiencing both political and military problems. Students are unable to continue their studies as a result of these ailments, which have an impact on the educational industry. Throughout these crises, several types of equipment and infrastructure used in Africa’s education system are compromised.
Boko Haram terrorists stormed a boarding school in Damaturu, the capital of Yobe state, in June 2013, killing individuals including secondary school pupils and instructors. More than a dozen primary schools in northern Nigeria have been burned down by Boko Haram. Furthermore, in late April, assaults on two Sunday services at Bayero University resulted in the deaths of over 16 individuals.
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Possible solutions to the challenges of the education system
1. Adequate government spending: Through sufficient funding, all of the continent’s leaders should transform the face of education. The money will be utilized to purchase a variety of machines that students will need to complete their studies. This will encourage pupils to learn more and tackle societal issues independently.
Students will be in a pleasant mood for their studies if the learning environment is well-funded. More lecture halls and classrooms for students will be built with adequate government financing. These classrooms will be able to accommodate the pupils after this is completed.
2. Strict security: Strict security is critical for the success of the education industry. Students will gain confidence in their academics as a result of this. The academic facilities will be safeguarded by security.
In many African institutions, the government needs to establish robust security agencies. When this is accomplished, the continent’s challenges will be alleviated, and the education sector will be strengthened.
3. Patriotism: Educated Africans should be proud of their homelands. They must understand that the success of the educational sector benefits everyone. They will put up their best efforts to raise tomorrow’s leaders once they recognize this.
The affluent and powerful should take an interest in supporting African tertiary institutions. Rather than investing in foreign banks, they could support the education sector to benefit residents. This will go a long way toward ensuring that learning in Africa remains stable.
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