BECE 2022: 100 Top Social Studies Likely Questions and Suggestive Answers for Candidates

St. Martin de Porres School
St. Martin de Porres School

Ferdinand| EducationGhana| October 2| BECE 2022: 100 Top Social Studies Likely Questions and Suggestive Answers for Candidates

 

This article gives candidates the preparatory guidelines and tips for the 2022 BECE for them to be able to follow the trends in the conduct of the exams.

It is not meant to give students exact questions from WAEC but a comprehensive analysis of how the questions are been set over the years.

Social Studies is one of the four core subjects being taught at the Junior High Schools in Ghana and as much, is a very important determinant of the calculation of aggregates when considering the Grading of BECE Candidates for entry into the Senior Hugh Schools.

Over the years, candidates find it difficult to answer the Social Studies questions correctly.

This article shall guide candidates on likely examination questions and suggestive answers for BECE 2022.

Check This Out:How to Connect Bachelor Degree to Master’s Degree for Employment in the Tertiary

 

             LIKELY QUESTIONS AND THEIR SCHEME

SOCIAL ENVIRONMENT
CULTURE AND CHANGE

Question 1
a. What is culture?
Suggested answer
Culture is the way of life of people in a given community. This means the way
people do things in a particular manner in a community. Culture can be
material and non-material. The material aspect of culture deals with the tangible

part of cultures such as clothes and tools. Non-material culture also deals with
the aspect of culture that is not tangible. They include; dance, music,
language and many more.

 

b. Explain four ways by which Ghanaians expressed their Ghanaian culture
Suggested answer

The ways by which Ghanaians express their culture are below.

Firstly, Ghanaians expressed their culture through the celebration of festivals. Ghanaians show a lot of their culture at the time of festival celebrations. During festivals celebrations, drumming, dancing, singing, dressing and many more artefacts of Ghanaians are showcased.

These items portray our way of life as a people and make us unique. As a result, children are able to learn from them and get socialized to make the culture of the people generational. Consequently, the elements of our culture are maintained for future generations. It is a fact that Ghanaians expressed their culture through festivals.

In addition, Ghanaians expressed their culture through their languages.

Most languages in Ghana show the culture of the people. The elements of almost the
languages among the ethnic groups in the country show what they are. These languages
show the beliefs, character and passion of the people of the country.

For instance, all languages carry proverbs which are full of the customs of the people. As these people speak the languages, the customs are passed on to the younger generations. As a result of this, the younger generations will be able to move along with the local language and the customers in it and preserve them. In all, language can be used to express the culture of the people.

Again, Ghanaians expressed their culture through the food they eat. We can easily identify ethnic groups in Ghana through their food. All the ethnic groups in Ghana have their distinct food. For example; the main food for the Akan is fufu, that of Ga and
Fante is Kenkey, Ewe is Akple and many more.

These foods show the way of life of the people. Some even have the origin of their foods which shows the cultural route of the people. As a result, eating those traditional foods will help to showcase our culture.

This will lead to proper socialization of our children to accept our culture and preserve them.

Finally, Ghanaians express their culture through their dressing. Most ethnic groups in
Ghana showcases their culture through the clothes they wear. The clothes they wear show who they are as people. For instance, the ethnic groups in the northern regions of Ghana wear smock(batakari), kente is popular among the ethnic groups in southern Ghana such as Akan, Ewe, Fante, and many more.

These dressings are full of cultural symbols showing the origin of the people as well as their beliefs and customs. As a result, wearing these clothes will make the younger generation know and learn the elements of our culture and preserve them. Our dressings say a lot about our culture as people in Ghana.

 

To conclude, Ghanaians express their culture through festivals, language,
food and dressing.

Question 6
a. Explain
i. Dynamic culture

Suggested answer

Dynamic culture is the type of culture that continuously re-examines its way of
life and makes constant changes to keep the culture in line with the need of modern times.

This means that dynamic cultures make people reflect and examine their own culture and make the necessary changes in their way of life and maintain and shape the good ones to meet the modern trend in society.

With dynamic culture, people learn about other cultures, adapt and associate the good parts of other cultures with their own in order to make their own culture stronger. Some of the factors for dynamic culture are; education, lifelong learning and more.

Explain
i. Cultural assimilation

Cultural assimilation is the practice by which societies adopt or absorb aspects or whole of other societies or countries’ cultures. This means that society picks the whole or part of another society’s way of life and practices them to benefit them.

At times they do practice their culture and that of the assimilated culture at the same time. For example, the adoption of the English Language as the official language of ghana instead of the Ghanaian Language.

ii. Parallel culture

Parallel culture refers to the practice whereby two ways of doing things are adopted by society while only one could suffice. This means parallel cultures are the two ways of doing the same thing whereby only one could be done.

An instance of a parallel culture is performing the traditional marriage rites and
church wedding by the same couples.

Question 7
a. What is superstition

Suggested answer

Superstition is the belief and fear of certain events which cannot be proven or explained.
This means that superstition is the belief in customs which are not scientifically proven.
They do not have any method to ascertain their facts of them. Some of the superstitions
include the belief in; curses, juju, magic, witchcraft and many more.

b. State four sources of superstitious beliefs

Suggested answer

1. A source of superstition is African movie
2. A source of superstition is myth
3. A source of superstition is taboo
4. Ignorance is a source of superstition

c. State four negative effects of superstitions

Suggested answers
1. Superstition slows down growth and development
2. Superstition leads to abuse of human rights
3. Superstition leads to irrational fear
4. Superstition reduces scientific and critical thinking.

 

Question 8
a. What is cultural change
Suggested answer
Cultural change means adaptation and shift in the social, economic and general cultural life of the people in a given society to be able to cope with development around them. This means that culture keeps on changing over time.

The culture of a society 200 years ago is different from the culture of the same society now. Culture can be changed due to internal and external factors.

 

The internal factors may come from a change of mind or inventions in new ways of doing things. Also, the external factors come with the influence of foreign actors such as religion and education. Cultural change is the main way to develop a society.

b. Explain four factors responsible for cultural change

Suggested answer
The four factors responsible for cultural change are below.

Firstly, education is responsible for cultural change. Education has positively changed the
culture of many societies. As more people are educated, they are made aware and learn new ways of doing things. Some people will change their outmoded culture and adopt better ways of life.

For instance, educated people think scientifically and always deal with things in factual ways rather than superstition. As a result, these societies will be able to progress in their ways of life leading to progress in their society. Education is the main contributor to cultural change in Ghana.

 

Another factor responsible for cultural change is trade. Trading activities can influence the
culture of the people. People who travel for trading activities are exposed to new ways of doing things.

Some of them are exposed to a new food, new language and new dressing. As a result, these people copy the new ways of doing things and practice them. Consequently, some of the people who trade change their culture for the better. We can see that trade is responsible for cultural change

In addition, the influence of foreign religions causes cultural change. People who get exposed to foreign religions can change their way of doing things.

As they learn more teachings and practices of their new religion, they start to question the way they do things.

As a result, they find the bad sides of their practices and customs and stop them. In effect, these people will be following their new religion and customs deem best for them. Therefore, the introduction of foreign religion leads to a change in the culture of the people.

Finally, intermarriages cause cultural change. People who marry partners from different
ethnic backgrounds are exposed to different cultures. The partners are exposed to languages, foods, clothes and many more of each other’s backgrounds.

For instance, they will learn to speak the language of each other, eat each other food, wear each other cloth and many more. As a result, they learn new ways of doing things leading them to change their way of life. The fact is that intermarriages lead to cultural change.
In conclusion, education, trade, foreign religion and inter-marriages are responsible for cultural change.

Question 9
a. What are outmoded cultural practices?

Outmoded cultural practices are customs and traditions of a group of people in the society that have lost their usefulness and need to be changed or abolished.

This means that those cultures infringe upon the rights of the people and caused pain or discomfort to the people. They are against the normal living of the people. Some of the cultural practices are; tribal marks, Female Genital Mutilation, the Trokosi system and many more.

b. List four examples of outmoded cultures in Ghana

i. Tribal marks
ii. Female genital mutilation
iii. Cruel widowhood rites
iv. Trokosi system
v. Witch camps
vi. Human sacrifice

c. Explain four effects of outmoded culture
The four effects of outmoded culture are below.

Firstly, human rights abuse is an effect of outmoded culture.
People’s rights are infringed during the practice of outmoded cultures. Thepeople are passed through inhuman treatment which is against their will.

Some cultures cause bodily pain to people. Not only that but also,but also must people are denied of freedom of movement and education. Forinstance, the Trokosi system restricts the freedom of movement and the right toeducation.

Also, female genital mutilation causes pain which may lead todeath. As a result, the people who suffer from such abuse are left out in thesociety. In effect, these people are unable to sustain their lives and progressin society.

The rights of the people are abused due to outmoded culturalpractices.

In addition, outmoded cultural practices cause healthproblems. People may get diseases from outmoded cultures. Due tounsterilized instruments used in the practice of outmoded cultural practices,sexually transmitted diseases may spread from one person to another.

Asthey keep on using the same instruments on the people, sexually transmitted
diseases such as HIV/AIDS may be infested by the people. As a result, theinfested people will be hospitalized. Consequently, the infested personsmay die leading loss of manpower of the nation.

It is therefore a fact thatoutmoded cultural practices spread diseases.

Moreover, outmoded cultural practices lead to low productivity of the country. The output level of the country could be reduced by practicing outmoded cultures. As people practice these cultures, they are denied thetime and energy to work.

This may reduce what they contribute to theirworkplace and the nation at large. Also, most people may die through contraction of diseases and physical pain.

For instance, practices  likewidowhood rite expect the victims to stay indoors for some number of days.

This may reduce their contribution to the output level in the country. As a
result, the growth level of the country will be stagnated. In effect, there will
be low savings and investments in the country. These would in turn raisethe level of poverty in the country. Indeed, outmoded cultural practicesreduces the productivity of the country.

Finally, outmoded cultural practices portray the countrynegatively to the rest of the world. Outmoded cultural practices project thecountry badly. Some practices such as female genital mutilation,widowhood rites and the trokosi system tell bad things to the world about thecountry.

As we keep on doing these bad practices, the western countriessuch as the USA, France and much more may not that us serious. This can beexplained by the fact that they see us as violating the rights of our citizens.

As a result, most investors would refuse to come to the country to invest inprofitable ventures in the country. In effect, the country’s developmentwould slow down leading to an increase in poverty levels of the people in thecountry.

Our country Ghana has projected negative due to bad culturalpractices of the people.

To conclude, outmoded cultural practices could lead to the abuse ofhuman rights, the spread of diseases, low productivity and negative projection
of the country.

Question 10
a. State four benefits of superstition 8marks

1. Superstition helps to protect and preserve the environment. Example
taboos
2. Superstition helps to control social and good morals
3. Superstition brings about social cohesion and unity
4. It helps to provide rest to people like fishermen, farmers, hunters, etc.

b. State four reasons for parallel culture 8marks
1. Parallel culture promotes peaceful co-existence in the country
2. Parallel culture helps the people in the country to enjoy freedom of
worship
3. Parallel culture promotes national integration in the country
4. Parallel culture can help promote health care delivery in the country

c. Outline four reasons why parallel culture is not necessary 8marks
1. Parallel culture is too expensive
2. Parallel culture is a waste of time
3. Parallel culture is sometimes frustrating and difficult
4. Parallel culture brings misunderstanding

d. Outline four aspects of foreign culture which have ben assimilated in
Ghanaians 8marks
1. Foreign religion has been assimilated
2. Ghana has assimilated foreign languages
3. Most Ghanaians has assimilated foreign music

4. Foreign marriage has been assimilated in Ghana
e. State four reasons some societies develop faster than others 8marks
1. Some societies develop faster than others due to cultural assimilation
2. Some societies develop faster than others due to education

3. Some societies develop faster than others due to investment in
research
4. Some societies develop faster than others because of their visionary
leaders
f. State four reasons why people resist changes in their culture 8marks
1. They resist the changes because the changes were not in line with their
culture

2. The people are of their gods and ancestors for the change
3. People resist changes because they are ignorant
4. People resist changes because they are simply conservatives which
want to continue their tradition.

POPULATION AND GROWTH

Question 10
a. What is meant by the term population
Population refers to the number of people living in a specific geographic area
at a specific time. This means that the population is the headcount of the people
in a particular area at a given time.

The population of a country is estimated usuallyten years. It is done in a process called population census.

The estimatedpopulation of Ghana in 1997 was about 18 million. In the year 2000, thepopulation was 18.4 million.

b. What are the factors responsible for population growth?
The factors responsible for population growth are below.

Firstly, the birth rate influences population growth. The number ofbirths per thousand of the population can cause the population to grow ateither a negative or positive rate. As the number of birth per thousand of thepopulation increases due to better health care services.

As a result, morenew birth will be added to the existing population leading to increasing in thepopulation of the country. Also, as the number per thousand of thepopulation decrease due to poor health services, there will be a decrease inthe population of the country. It is a fact that birth rate influences populationgrowth.

In addition, the death rate influences population growth. The number of death
per thousand of the population can cause the population of a country toincrease or decrease. As the number of deaths per thousand of thepopulation increases, the population will decrease for things being equal.

Also, as the number of deaths per thousand of the population decreases,there will be an increase in the population of that country. The high death ratemay come as a result of poor health care systems, natural disasters, outbreakof diseases and many more. Besides, low death rates may be attributed togood health systems, the absence of natural disasters and many more.

It is clearto note that, the death rate influences the population of a country.Moreover, migration can influence the population of a country. Themovement of people from and into the country may influence thepopulation of the country.

As more people move into the country thanleave, the population of the country will increase. This is so because theimmigrants will add to the existing population. Again, as more people moveout of the country than come in, the population of the country will decrease.

These emigrants will take away from the existing population of the country.It is therefore clear that migration influence population growth.

Finally, a factor responsible for population growth is the fertility rate. The abilityfor the people especially women to give birth in a country may increase ordecrease the population of that country.

In the case where women are liableto give birth to more children in the country, the population of that countrywill increase.

This is so because more children will be given birth to beadded to the existing population leading to increasing in the population ofthat country. Also, as the number of people especially women is notcapable to give birth to more children in the country, the population of thatcountry will decrease in that, and the number of children adding to the existing

the population will be less. It is therefore a fact that the fertility rate affects thepopulation of a country.

In conclusion, birth rate, death rate, migration and fertility rate affect the
the population of a country.

c. Explain the effects of high population growth
The effects of high population growth are below.

Firstly, high population growth leads to pressure on social amenities.

An increase in a country’s population may put pressure on the social amenities
in the country. As more people are added to the existing population, theusage of social amenities such as electricity, hospital, water and the likeswill increase.

As a result, there will be damage to such facilities. In effect,the government will have to get more revenue to augment the existingfacilities. It is a fact that population growth putpressure on social amenitiesin the country.

In addition, the high rate of unemployment is an effect of high populationgrowth. Most people in the country will be jobless when the population of thecountry increases. As more and more people are added to the population,the number of youths who will be ready for employment will be more thanthe available job opportunities in the country.

As a result, the youths cannotget money to take care of themselves. Consequently, the unemployedyouths will become dependent on their families. This may increase povertylevels of people in the country. We can conclude that; a high rate of
unemployment is an effect of high population growth.

Again, depletion of natural resources is an effect of high population growth.
The natural resources of the country may be destroyed and over-exploiteddue to the increase in population. As the population of the country increases,more money may be needed to meet the growing demand for financialresources to help the country.

As a result, the country will over-exploit theresources. In effect, the land will be degraded leading to natural disastersand the spread of diseases. We can say for a fact that, high populationgrowth leads to depletion of the natural resources of the country.

Finally, a high population leads to an increase in crime waves. Many peopleengage in criminal activities as the population of the country increases. A rise inpopulation may lead to a lot of joblessness in the country.

Theseunemployed people will stick to various bad activities to earn a living. Forinstance, many young girls engage in prostitution to be able to meet theirfinancial obligations.

Also, some engage in an armed robbery to earn a living.As a result, there will be an increase in crimes in the country. Consequently,the youths of the country may be imprisoned leading to a fall in an active labourforce of the country.

In conclusion, the effects of a high population rate are; pressure on social
amenities, high rate of unemployment, depletion of the country’s resources
and increase in crime waves.

Question 11
a. What is population growth

Population growth is the rate of change in the number of people living in aparticular geographical area at a given time.

The population is usually measured inpercentage. The rate at which the population of a country changes can bepositive or negative. A positive population growth entails the change whichbrings about an increase in the population. Also, a negative population growth
rate brings about a decrease in the population.

Answers must be essays and sentences

b. In what ways can the high population growth of Ghana be controlled

Question 12
a. What is rural-urban drift/migration
b. Outline the causes of rural-urban migration
The cause of rural-urban drift is below

Firstly, the lack of jobs in the villages causes rural-urban drift
c. What are the effects of rural-urban migration
i. In the cities
ii. On the villages
d. In what ways can rural–urban migration be controlled?

PHYSICAL ENVIRONMENT
SIGNIFICANT FEATURES OF THE EARTH

Question 13
a. Describe the solar system
b. Name the planets in the solar system in order of their distance from the sun

c. Explain the following
i. Rotation of earth

ii. Revolution of the earth

(i) Rotation of the earth is the spinning or turning of the earth on itsown axis from West to East. The earth takes 24 hours to complete onits rotation. This means that every 15 degrees the earth rotates 1hour.

The rotation of the earth causes day and night.
(ii) The revolution of the earth is the movement of the earth in itsorbit around the sun. The earth completes its revolution in 365 andquarter days. This means that one revolution makes one year. Therevolution of the earth causes the seasons of the earth.

d. State three effects each;
i. Rotation of the earth
ii. Revolution of the earth

Question 14
a. Describe with appropriate diagrams the types of eclipse
b. Describe how day and night occurred

Question 15
a. Describe the formation of rainfall

b. With the aid of a diagram describe the types of rainfall
c. State four importance of rainfall

Question 16
a. What are rocks
b. State and explain the three types of rocks
c. Outline the economic importance of rocks
d. State three properties of rocks

Question 17
a. Make a sketch of the structure of the earth

b. Briefly explain;
i. The core of the earth
ii. The crust of the earth

c. List the continents of the world
d. List the oceans of the world

MAPPING OUR ENVIRONMENT

Question 18
a. Define the following
i. Scale
ii. Compass
iii. Mapping
iv. Contour line

b. State and explain the types of scale
c. Sketch and label the eight points on a compass
d. Describe how a map is drawn

Question 19
The diagram represents a school field

60km
D C

If the scale of the actual field is 1:10,000
a. Calculate the length and width of the field
b. Calculate the area of the field
c. Draw the field using the scale

If the scale of the field changes to 1:5000,
d. Find the new length and width
e. Draw the new filed
f. What can you say of the two field?

OUR COUNTRY GHANA

Question 20
a. Mention five national symbols that unite Ghanaians
b. List the ten regions of Ghana and provide their capital towns

Question 21
a. What is national unity/integration
b. Outline the ways by which national unity can be achieved in the country
c. Explain four reasons for national unity

Question 22
a. List five minerals mined in Ghana and provide the towns where they are
mined
b. Describes four(4) economic importance of minerals to Ghana
c. Explain four problems associated with mining of minerals in Ghana
d. State four problems of mining in Ghana

 

Question 23
a. Give six examples of drainage features and indicate them on the map of
Ghana
b. Outline four importance of drainage features
c. In what four ways can water bodies be destroyed
d. State four ways of protecting the water bodies in the country

Question 24
a. List four examples of highlands in Ghana
b. Describe the economic importance of highlands to Ghana
c. State four benefits of lowlands

Question 24
a. On outline map of Ghana show and learn
i. The ten administrative regions in Ghana
ii. The equatorial regions in Ghana
iii. The vegetation in Ghana
iv. The two seasons in Ghana

THE ENVIRONMENT AND ITS CHALLENGES

Question 25
a. What is the environment
b. Outline four(4) importance of the environment to man

Question 26
a. What is environmental degradation
b. Describe four(4) activities of man that destroy the environment

Question 27
a. What is meant by land degradation
b. Explain the causes of land degradation
c. Highlight four (4 ) effects of land degradation
d. Suggest four(4) measures to control land degradation

Question 28
a. Define water pollution
b. Account for the causes of water pollution in the country
c. State four (4) effects of water pollution
d. Suggest four(4) measures to control water pollution

Question 29
a. Explain air pollution
b. Explain the causes of air pollution
c. Outline the effects of air pollution
d. Suggest four measures to control air pollution

Question 30
a. Define the following
i. Deforestation
ii. Desertification
iii. Soil erosion
iv. Bush burning

b. State four (4) causes of the environmental problems above
c. Mention the effects of the environmental problems above
d. Suggest the ways of controlling the environmental problems above

ADOLESCENT REPRODUCTIVE HEALTH

Question 1
a. Explain the following
i. Adolescence
ii. Reproductive health
iii. Chastity

b. Mention four(4) physical features each of an adolescent boys and girls
c. State four emotional features of an adolescents

Question 2

a. What is an adolescent irresponsible behaviour
b. Explain the causes of an adolescent irresponsible behaviour
c. Outline four effects of adolescent irresponsible behaviour
d. Suggest four measures that can help control adolescent irresponsible behaviour

Question 3
a. What is chastity
b. Explain four ways of living a chaste life
c. Outline four benefits of chastity
d. Discuss the effects of living immoral life

GOVERNMENT, POLITICS AND STABILITY
PAST QUESTIONS TREND AND ANALYSIS

Year Question
2022 Citizenship
Constitution
Ghana as a nation
Road to independence
Maintaining law and order

 

HIGHLY LIKELIHOOD (99% CONFIDENCE LEVEL)

• Citizenship
• Constitution
• Ghana as a nation
• Maintaining law and order
• Cooperation

GOVERNMENT, POLITICS AND STABILITY

This part is divided into two;
a. History

b. Government

HISTORY

1. Ghana as a nation
2. The road to independence and nationhood

GOVERNMENT

1. Citizenship and human rights
2. Constitution and how we are governed
3. Maintaining law and order in our community

GHANA AS A NATION

Question 31
a. What is the migration of an ethnic group
b. Explain the reasons why ethnics groups migrated into the country

Question 32
a. Mention the five major ethnic groups in Ghana
b. Outline the reason why Ghana is considered to be a cosmopolitan country

Question 33
a. What is ethnicity/ethnocentrism
b. Outline four effects of tribalism
c. How can we control ethnicity in Ghana
 

COLONIZATION

Question 34
a. What is colonization
b. Explain four positive effects of colonization

c. Outline four negative effects of colonization on Ghana

Question 35
a. Explain the method used by the British to colonize west Africa
b. Describe the reasons why the British colonize Gold Coast
c. Suggest four reasons why the British came into Gold Coast

Question 36
a. Describe the bond of 1844
b. State four elements in the bond of 1844
c. Mention four effects of the bond of 1844

Question 37
a. Describe the Sagrenti war of 1874
b. State four causes of the Sagrenti war
c. Mention four effects of the Sagrenti war

Question 38
a. Describe the poll tax ordinance of 1852
b. State four reasons for the poll tax ordinance
c. Mention four reasons for the failure of the poll tax ordinance of 1852

Question 39
a. Describe the Yaa Asantewaah war of 1900
b. State the causes of the Yaa Asantewaah war
c. Mention four effects of the Yaa Asantewaah war

Question 40
a. Briefly describe the 1948 riots
b. State four causes of the 1948 riots
c. Mention four effects of the 1948 riot

Question 41

a. Briefly explain the Watson commission
b. State four recommendations made by the Watson commission

Question 42
a. Write brief history and achievements of the following
i. Sir Allan burns
ii. Sir Guggisburg
iii. Dr. Kwame Nkrumah
b. State three causes of the overthrow of Kwame Nkrumah as president
c. Sate four qualities of Kwame Nkrumah which can be emulated

Question 43
a. Who are the founding leaders
b. Mention five of the founding leaders of Ghana
c. Mention the members of the big six

Question 44
a. What is a common goal
b. Outline the contents of the common goal of Ghana.
CITIZENSHIP AND HUMAN RIGHTS

Question 45
a. What is citizenship
b. Outline the ways by which one can become the citizen of a country

Question 46
a. Who is a citizen?
b. Explain four functions of a Ghanaian citizen

Question 47
a. Explain the meaning of human right
b. Mention four types of human rights
c. List four examples of human rights

Question 48
a. What is meant by human right abuse?
b. Explain four reasons why people suffer from human rights abuse
c. List five examples of human rights abuses
d. In what ways can human right abuse can be controlled/prevented

OUR CONSTITUTION AND HOW WE ARE GOVERNED

Question 49
a. What is a constitution?
b. Outline four importance of a constitution
c. State four features of a good law
d. State the steps used in drafting the constitution of Ghana

Question 50
a. Explain the following concept
i. Separation of powers
ii. Rule of law
iii. Checks and balances

b. State four advantages of separation of powers
c. State four disadvantages of separation of powers
d. In what ways can rule of law be achieved

MAINTAINING LAW AND ORDER IN THE COMMUNITY

Question 51
a. Define the following
i. Law
ii. Order
b. In what four ways can law and order be achieved
c. outline four importance of law and order

d. In what ways can law and order be ensured in the
i. Home
ii. School
iii. Community

CONFLICT PREVENTION AND MANAGEMENT

Question 52
a. Define the following
i. Conflict
ii. Conflict prevention
iii. Conflict management
b. Explain the sources of conflicts in our community

Question 53
a. Explain four effects of conflict
b. Explain four ways of managing conflicts
c. State four ways of preventing conflicts

GHANA’S CO-OPERATION WITH OTHER NATIONS

Question 54
a. What is co-operation
b. Outline the ways be which Ghana co-operate with other nations

c. Explain the benefits of co-operation to Ghana

Question 55
a. Mention five international organizations by which Ghana is a member
b. Explain the benefits Ghana derived from being a member of such
organizations
c. In what ways do Ghana help some international organizations
d. State four disadvantages of co-operation

PROMOTING POLITICAL STABILITY IN THE COUNTRY

Question 56
a. What is democracy
b. Explain four features of democracy

Question 57
a. What is political stability
b. Highlight four ways by which political stability can be achieved

Question 58
a. What is political instability
b. Explain four causes of political instability
c. Outline four effects of political instability on the country

Question 59
a. What is democratic government
b. Outline the importance of democracy
c. Explain four disadvantages of democracy

 

GOVERNMENT AND SOCIETY

Question 60
a. Define the following
i. Government
ii. Society

b. Describe the structure of government at
i. The national level
ii. Regional level
iii. District level
iv. Area level

c. Outline the functions of the
i. Assemblyman
ii. District chief executive

Question 61
a. Outline four ways by which the district’s assembly finance their projects
b. Explain four problems facing the district assembly
c. Suggest the solutions to the problems of the district assembly

Question 62
a. Outline the functions of the
i. The executive
ii. Judiciary
iii. Legislature

b. Differentiate between voting and election
c. Outline the importance of voting
d. Explain the functions of government

 

SOCIAL AND ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT
PAST QUESTIONS AND 2019 TREND ANALYSIS

Year Question
2022 Managing finances

The use of land in the community
Entrepreneurship
Production
Problems in Ghana

SOCIAL AND ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT

This part is divided into two parts namely; social and economic development

SOCIAL DEVELOPMENT

1. Problems of development in Ghana
2. The use of land in the community

ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT

1. Our natural resource
2. Production
3. Managing finances
4. Education and productivity
5. Entrepreneurship

Note: WAEC sets at least one question from each section; social and
economic development.

HIGHLY LIKELIHOOD (99% CONFIDENCE LEVEL)

1. Problems of development
2. Education and productivity
3. Managing our finances
4. The use of land in the community
5. Resources and Production

These topics are scaled in order of importance; the first is the most
likely and that order

THE USE OF LAND IN COMMUNITY

Question 63
a. Define
i. Slum
ii. Layout
iii. Natural resources
b. Outline the uses of land in the community

Question 64

a. What is settlement
b. Name and explain the types of settlement
c. Explain the reasons why a good layout is necessary

Question 65
a. In what ways can we prevent slum development in Ghana
b. Explain the effects of slums

NATURAL AND HUMAN RESOURCES

Question 66
a. What are natural resources
b. Explain the economic importance of natural resources

Question 67
a. What are resources
b. State and explain the types of resources
c. What are the importance of resources

Question 68
a. Outline four reasons why natural resources are not efficiently utilized
b. Outline the problems created by natural resources exploitations
c. In what four ways can resource be efficiently be utilized

Question 69
a. What is human resource
b. Outline the importance of human resources
c. Account for the reasons why human resources are not efficiently utilized

Question 70
In what five ways can human resources be developed?

 

 

PRODUCTION

Question 71
a. What is production
b. List and explain the types of production
c. Explain four economic importance of production

Question 72
a. What is primary production
b. List four examples of primary production
c. Outline the benefits of primary production

Question 73
a. What are the problems facing primary production
b. Suggest the ways by which primary production can be developed

Question 74
a. What is meant by secondary production/manufacturing industry
b. Explain the economic importance of secondary production
c. Describe the problems facing secondary production

Question 75
Outline the ways by which secondary production can be promoted

Question 76
a. What is tertiary/services production
b. Account for the importance of the services industry in Ghana

Question 77
a. What are the problems facing the services industry
b. In what ways can tertiary production be promoted

MANAGING OUR FINANCES

 

Question 78
a. Define a currency of a country
b. State four ways of defacing a currency of a country
c. State four ways of handling the currency of a country properly

Question 79
a. What is savings
b. Outline the ways/avenues of savings towards the future
c. Explain the importance of savings

Question 80
Account for the problems created by poor handling of money in the country

TOURISM, LEISURE AND DEVELOPMENT

Question 81
a. Define the following
i. Leisure
ii. Tourism
iii. Scenery

b. List five tourist sites and the place they are located in the country
c. Describe four economic importance of tourism in the country

Question 82
a. Outline the reasons why people go on tour
b. Describe the problems facing tourism in the country

Question 83
a. Give four reasons why Ghanaians do not show interest in tourism
b. In what four ways can tourism be promoted in the country

 

Question 84
What are the negative effects of tourism in the country?
EDUCATION AND PRODUCTIVITY

 

Question 85
a. Explain the following
i. Education
ii. Training
iii. Productivity

b. What are the factors that can affect the productivity of a country

Question 86
a. What is productivity
b. Describe the reasons for low productivity at the workplace
c. Suggest ways of improving productivity in the workplace

Question 87
a. What is technology
b. List four examples of technologies at the workplace
c. Outline the importance of technology

ENTREPRENEURSHIP

 

Question 88
a. Explain the following
i. Entrepreneurship
ii. Enterprise
iii. Entrepreneur
b. List the forms of enterprises in Ghana
c. State the advantages and the disadvantages of the types of enterprises in
Ghana

Question 89

a. Explain the meaning of state enterprise
b. Outline the reasons why the state owns some enterprises in the country
c. Explain the problems facing the state enterprises

 

Question 90
a. What roles do the state play to promote private enterprises in the
country
b. Suggest the solutions to the problems facing state enterprises

Question 91
a. Explain the meaning of private enterprise
b. What roles should the private enterprises play to obtain government
support

Question 92
a. What are the advantages of private enterprises
b. Account for the problems facing the private enterprises in the country
c. What are the disadvantages of the private enterprises

 

PROBLEMS OF DEVELOPMENT IN GHANA & SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT

Question 93
a. What is economic development
b. What are the factors responsible for economic development in Ghana

Question 94
a. List and explain some of the problems facing Ghana
b. Suggest solutions to some of the problems facing the country

Question 95
a. Explain some of the social problems facing Ghana
b. In what four ways can the problems be solved

 

Question 96

What accounts for the following in the country?
a. Low agriculture
b. High indebtedness
c. Aid dependency
d. Economic mismanagement
e. Mal-nutrition
f. High birth rate
g. Low literacy rate

Question 97
a. What are non-governmental organizations
b. List five examples of NGO
c. Outline the contributions of the NGO to Ghana

Question 98
a. Explain four problems facing NGO
b. Suggest solutions to the problems facing NGO

Question 99
a. What is sustainable development
b. Outline the ways of conserving the forest, water bodies, land, timber

Question 100
a. Account for the ways of improving the health of Ghanaians
b. Explain the ways of reducing foreign aid in the country

 

YOUTH AND DISCIPLINE

 

Question 101
a. Explain the concept of discipline

b. List four examples of disciplinary acts of the youths
c. State four benefits of discipline

Question 102
a. Explain the meaning of indiscipline
b. List and explain fives examples of indiscipline acts
c. Outline the causes of indiscipline

Question 103
a. Explain the effects of indiscipline
b. Suggest ways of curbing indiscipline in the country

 

Download the Social Studies Predicted questions and answers

Using the predicted questions and answers to guide yourself on how to answer questions on Social Studies as well as likely examination questions.

I wish all BECE candidates the best in their exams,

Check Also:

How to write and Address a Letter of Sponsorship as a School in the GES HERE

How to write and address any form of Letter to the Ghana Education Service HERE

How to write and Address an Application for Car Maintenance Allowance as a Teacher HERE

How to write and Address an Application for Responsibility Allowance as a Teacher HERE

Check This Out: Top 10 Steps to Register and write Exams in KATon Computing Training Workshop

 

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