Ferdinand| EducationGhana| October 2| BECE 2022: 100 Top Social Studies Likely Questions and Suggestive Answers for Candidates
This article gives candidates the preparatory guidelines and tips for the 2022 BECE for them to be able to follow the trends in the conduct of the exams.
It is not meant to give students exact questions from WAEC but a comprehensive analysis of how the questions are been set over the years.
Social Studies is one of the four core subjects being taught at the Junior High Schools in Ghana and as much, is a very important determinant of the calculation of aggregates when considering the Grading of BECE Candidates for entry into the Senior Hugh Schools.
Over the years, candidates find it difficult to answer the Social Studies questions correctly.
This article shall guide candidates on likely examination questions and suggestive answers for BECE 2022.
LIKELY QUESTIONS AND THEIR SCHEME
CULTURE AND CHANGE
a. What is culture?
Culture is the way of life of people in a given community. This means the way
people do things in a particular manner in a community. Culture can be
material and non-material. The material aspect of culture deals with the tangible
part of cultures such as clothes and tools. Non-material culture also deals with
the aspect of culture that is not tangible. They include; dance, music,
language and many more.
b. Explain four ways by which Ghanaians expressed their Ghanaian culture
The ways by which Ghanaians express their culture are below.
Firstly, Ghanaians expressed their culture through the celebration of festivals. Ghanaians show a lot of their culture at the time of festival celebrations. During festivals celebrations, drumming, dancing, singing, dressing and many more artefacts of Ghanaians are showcased.
These items portray our way of life as a people and make us unique. As a result, children are able to learn from them and get socialized to make the culture of the people generational. Consequently, the elements of our culture are maintained for future generations. It is a fact that Ghanaians expressed their culture through festivals.
In addition, Ghanaians expressed their culture through their languages.
Most languages in Ghana show the culture of the people. The elements of almost the
languages among the ethnic groups in the country show what they are. These languages
show the beliefs, character and passion of the people of the country.
For instance, all languages carry proverbs which are full of the customs of the people. As these people speak the languages, the customs are passed on to the younger generations. As a result of this, the younger generations will be able to move along with the local language and the customers in it and preserve them. In all, language can be used to express the culture of the people.
Again, Ghanaians expressed their culture through the food they eat. We can easily identify ethnic groups in Ghana through their food. All the ethnic groups in Ghana have their distinct food. For example; the main food for the Akan is fufu, that of Ga and
Fante is Kenkey, Ewe is Akple and many more.
These foods show the way of life of the people. Some even have the origin of their foods which shows the cultural route of the people. As a result, eating those traditional foods will help to showcase our culture.
This will lead to proper socialization of our children to accept our culture and preserve them.
Finally, Ghanaians express their culture through their dressing. Most ethnic groups in
Ghana showcases their culture through the clothes they wear. The clothes they wear show who they are as people. For instance, the ethnic groups in the northern regions of Ghana wear smock(batakari), kente is popular among the ethnic groups in southern Ghana such as Akan, Ewe, Fante, and many more.
These dressings are full of cultural symbols showing the origin of the people as well as their beliefs and customs. As a result, wearing these clothes will make the younger generation know and learn the elements of our culture and preserve them. Our dressings say a lot about our culture as people in Ghana.
To conclude, Ghanaians express their culture through festivals, language,
food and dressing.
i. Dynamic culture
Dynamic culture is the type of culture that continuously re-examines its way of
life and makes constant changes to keep the culture in line with the need of modern times.
This means that dynamic cultures make people reflect and examine their own culture and make the necessary changes in their way of life and maintain and shape the good ones to meet the modern trend in society.
With dynamic culture, people learn about other cultures, adapt and associate the good parts of other cultures with their own in order to make their own culture stronger. Some of the factors for dynamic culture are; education, lifelong learning and more.
i. Cultural assimilation
Cultural assimilation is the practice by which societies adopt or absorb aspects or whole of other societies or countries’ cultures. This means that society picks the whole or part of another society’s way of life and practices them to benefit them.
At times they do practice their culture and that of the assimilated culture at the same time. For example, the adoption of the English Language as the official language of ghana instead of the Ghanaian Language.
ii. Parallel culture
Parallel culture refers to the practice whereby two ways of doing things are adopted by society while only one could suffice. This means parallel cultures are the two ways of doing the same thing whereby only one could be done.
An instance of a parallel culture is performing the traditional marriage rites and
church wedding by the same couples.
a. What is superstition
Superstition is the belief and fear of certain events which cannot be proven or explained.
This means that superstition is the belief in customs which are not scientifically proven.
They do not have any method to ascertain their facts of them. Some of the superstitions
include the belief in; curses, juju, magic, witchcraft and many more.
b. State four sources of superstitious beliefs
1. A source of superstition is African movie
2. A source of superstition is myth
3. A source of superstition is taboo
4. Ignorance is a source of superstition
c. State four negative effects of superstitions
1. Superstition slows down growth and development
2. Superstition leads to abuse of human rights
3. Superstition leads to irrational fear
4. Superstition reduces scientific and critical thinking.
a. What is cultural change
Cultural change means adaptation and shift in the social, economic and general cultural life of the people in a given society to be able to cope with development around them. This means that culture keeps on changing over time.
The culture of a society 200 years ago is different from the culture of the same society now. Culture can be changed due to internal and external factors.
The internal factors may come from a change of mind or inventions in new ways of doing things. Also, the external factors come with the influence of foreign actors such as religion and education. Cultural change is the main way to develop a society.
b. Explain four factors responsible for cultural change
The four factors responsible for cultural change are below.
Firstly, education is responsible for cultural change. Education has positively changed the
culture of many societies. As more people are educated, they are made aware and learn new ways of doing things. Some people will change their outmoded culture and adopt better ways of life.
For instance, educated people think scientifically and always deal with things in factual ways rather than superstition. As a result, these societies will be able to progress in their ways of life leading to progress in their society. Education is the main contributor to cultural change in Ghana.
Another factor responsible for cultural change is trade. Trading activities can influence the
culture of the people. People who travel for trading activities are exposed to new ways of doing things.
Some of them are exposed to a new food, new language and new dressing. As a result, these people copy the new ways of doing things and practice them. Consequently, some of the people who trade change their culture for the better. We can see that trade is responsible for cultural change
In addition, the influence of foreign religions causes cultural change. People who get exposed to foreign religions can change their way of doing things.
As they learn more teachings and practices of their new religion, they start to question the way they do things.
As a result, they find the bad sides of their practices and customs and stop them. In effect, these people will be following their new religion and customs deem best for them. Therefore, the introduction of foreign religion leads to a change in the culture of the people.
Finally, intermarriages cause cultural change. People who marry partners from different
ethnic backgrounds are exposed to different cultures. The partners are exposed to languages, foods, clothes and many more of each other’s backgrounds.
For instance, they will learn to speak the language of each other, eat each other food, wear each other cloth and many more. As a result, they learn new ways of doing things leading them to change their way of life. The fact is that intermarriages lead to cultural change.
In conclusion, education, trade, foreign religion and inter-marriages are responsible for cultural change.
a. What are outmoded cultural practices?
Outmoded cultural practices are customs and traditions of a group of people in the society that have lost their usefulness and need to be changed or abolished.
This means that those cultures infringe upon the rights of the people and caused pain or discomfort to the people. They are against the normal living of the people. Some of the cultural practices are; tribal marks, Female Genital Mutilation, the Trokosi system and many more.
b. List four examples of outmoded cultures in Ghana
i. Tribal marks
ii. Female genital mutilation
iii. Cruel widowhood rites
iv. Trokosi system
v. Witch camps
vi. Human sacrifice
c. Explain four effects of outmoded culture
The four effects of outmoded culture are below.
Firstly, human rights abuse is an effect of outmoded culture.
People’s rights are infringed during the practice of outmoded cultures. Thepeople are passed through inhuman treatment which is against their will.
Some cultures cause bodily pain to people. Not only that but also,but also must people are denied of freedom of movement and education. Forinstance, the Trokosi system restricts the freedom of movement and the right toeducation.
Also, female genital mutilation causes pain which may lead todeath. As a result, the people who suffer from such abuse are left out in thesociety. In effect, these people are unable to sustain their lives and progressin society.
The rights of the people are abused due to outmoded culturalpractices.
In addition, outmoded cultural practices cause healthproblems. People may get diseases from outmoded cultures. Due tounsterilized instruments used in the practice of outmoded cultural practices,sexually transmitted diseases may spread from one person to another.
Asthey keep on using the same instruments on the people, sexually transmitted
diseases such as HIV/AIDS may be infested by the people. As a result, theinfested people will be hospitalized. Consequently, the infested personsmay die leading loss of manpower of the nation.
It is therefore a fact thatoutmoded cultural practices spread diseases.
Moreover, outmoded cultural practices lead to low productivity of the country. The output level of the country could be reduced by practicing outmoded cultures. As people practice these cultures, they are denied thetime and energy to work.
This may reduce what they contribute to theirworkplace and the nation at large. Also, most people may die through contraction of diseases and physical pain.
For instance, practices likewidowhood rite expect the victims to stay indoors for some number of days.
This may reduce their contribution to the output level in the country. As a
result, the growth level of the country will be stagnated. In effect, there will
be low savings and investments in the country. These would in turn raisethe level of poverty in the country. Indeed, outmoded cultural practicesreduces the productivity of the country.
Finally, outmoded cultural practices portray the countrynegatively to the rest of the world. Outmoded cultural practices project thecountry badly. Some practices such as female genital mutilation,widowhood rites and the trokosi system tell bad things to the world about thecountry.
As we keep on doing these bad practices, the western countriessuch as the USA, France and much more may not that us serious. This can beexplained by the fact that they see us as violating the rights of our citizens.
As a result, most investors would refuse to come to the country to invest inprofitable ventures in the country. In effect, the country’s developmentwould slow down leading to an increase in poverty levels of the people in thecountry.
Our country Ghana has projected negative due to bad culturalpractices of the people.
To conclude, outmoded cultural practices could lead to the abuse ofhuman rights, the spread of diseases, low productivity and negative projection
of the country.
a. State four benefits of superstition 8marks
1. Superstition helps to protect and preserve the environment. Example
2. Superstition helps to control social and good morals
3. Superstition brings about social cohesion and unity
4. It helps to provide rest to people like fishermen, farmers, hunters, etc.
b. State four reasons for parallel culture 8marks
1. Parallel culture promotes peaceful co-existence in the country
2. Parallel culture helps the people in the country to enjoy freedom of
3. Parallel culture promotes national integration in the country
4. Parallel culture can help promote health care delivery in the country
c. Outline four reasons why parallel culture is not necessary 8marks
1. Parallel culture is too expensive
2. Parallel culture is a waste of time
3. Parallel culture is sometimes frustrating and difficult
4. Parallel culture brings misunderstanding
d. Outline four aspects of foreign culture which have ben assimilated in
1. Foreign religion has been assimilated
2. Ghana has assimilated foreign languages
3. Most Ghanaians has assimilated foreign music
4. Foreign marriage has been assimilated in Ghana
e. State four reasons some societies develop faster than others 8marks
1. Some societies develop faster than others due to cultural assimilation
2. Some societies develop faster than others due to education
3. Some societies develop faster than others due to investment in
4. Some societies develop faster than others because of their visionary
f. State four reasons why people resist changes in their culture 8marks
1. They resist the changes because the changes were not in line with their
2. The people are of their gods and ancestors for the change
3. People resist changes because they are ignorant
4. People resist changes because they are simply conservatives which
want to continue their tradition.
POPULATION AND GROWTH
a. What is meant by the term population
Population refers to the number of people living in a specific geographic area
at a specific time. This means that the population is the headcount of the people
in a particular area at a given time.
The population of a country is estimated usuallyten years. It is done in a process called population census.
The estimatedpopulation of Ghana in 1997 was about 18 million. In the year 2000, thepopulation was 18.4 million.
b. What are the factors responsible for population growth?
The factors responsible for population growth are below.
Firstly, the birth rate influences population growth. The number ofbirths per thousand of the population can cause the population to grow ateither a negative or positive rate. As the number of birth per thousand of thepopulation increases due to better health care services.
As a result, morenew birth will be added to the existing population leading to increasing in thepopulation of the country. Also, as the number per thousand of thepopulation decrease due to poor health services, there will be a decrease inthe population of the country. It is a fact that birth rate influences populationgrowth.
In addition, the death rate influences population growth. The number of death
per thousand of the population can cause the population of a country toincrease or decrease. As the number of deaths per thousand of thepopulation increases, the population will decrease for things being equal.
Also, as the number of deaths per thousand of the population decreases,there will be an increase in the population of that country. The high death ratemay come as a result of poor health care systems, natural disasters, outbreakof diseases and many more. Besides, low death rates may be attributed togood health systems, the absence of natural disasters and many more.
It is clearto note that, the death rate influences the population of a country.Moreover, migration can influence the population of a country. Themovement of people from and into the country may influence thepopulation of the country.
As more people move into the country thanleave, the population of the country will increase. This is so because theimmigrants will add to the existing population. Again, as more people moveout of the country than come in, the population of the country will decrease.
These emigrants will take away from the existing population of the country.It is therefore clear that migration influence population growth.
Finally, a factor responsible for population growth is the fertility rate. The abilityfor the people especially women to give birth in a country may increase ordecrease the population of that country.
In the case where women are liableto give birth to more children in the country, the population of that countrywill increase.
This is so because more children will be given birth to beadded to the existing population leading to increasing in the population ofthat country. Also, as the number of people especially women is notcapable to give birth to more children in the country, the population of thatcountry will decrease in that, and the number of children adding to the existing
the population will be less. It is therefore a fact that the fertility rate affects thepopulation of a country.
In conclusion, birth rate, death rate, migration and fertility rate affect the
the population of a country.
c. Explain the effects of high population growth
The effects of high population growth are below.
Firstly, high population growth leads to pressure on social amenities.
An increase in a country’s population may put pressure on the social amenities
in the country. As more people are added to the existing population, theusage of social amenities such as electricity, hospital, water and the likeswill increase.
As a result, there will be damage to such facilities. In effect,the government will have to get more revenue to augment the existingfacilities. It is a fact that population growth putpressure on social amenitiesin the country.
In addition, the high rate of unemployment is an effect of high populationgrowth. Most people in the country will be jobless when the population of thecountry increases. As more and more people are added to the population,the number of youths who will be ready for employment will be more thanthe available job opportunities in the country.
As a result, the youths cannotget money to take care of themselves. Consequently, the unemployedyouths will become dependent on their families. This may increase povertylevels of people in the country. We can conclude that; a high rate of
unemployment is an effect of high population growth.
Again, depletion of natural resources is an effect of high population growth.
The natural resources of the country may be destroyed and over-exploiteddue to the increase in population. As the population of the country increases,more money may be needed to meet the growing demand for financialresources to help the country.
As a result, the country will over-exploit theresources. In effect, the land will be degraded leading to natural disastersand the spread of diseases. We can say for a fact that, high populationgrowth leads to depletion of the natural resources of the country.
Finally, a high population leads to an increase in crime waves. Many peopleengage in criminal activities as the population of the country increases. A rise inpopulation may lead to a lot of joblessness in the country.
Theseunemployed people will stick to various bad activities to earn a living. Forinstance, many young girls engage in prostitution to be able to meet theirfinancial obligations.
Also, some engage in an armed robbery to earn a living.As a result, there will be an increase in crimes in the country. Consequently,the youths of the country may be imprisoned leading to a fall in an active labourforce of the country.
In conclusion, the effects of a high population rate are; pressure on social
amenities, high rate of unemployment, depletion of the country’s resources
and increase in crime waves.
a. What is population growth
Population growth is the rate of change in the number of people living in aparticular geographical area at a given time.
The population is usually measured inpercentage. The rate at which the population of a country changes can bepositive or negative. A positive population growth entails the change whichbrings about an increase in the population. Also, a negative population growth
rate brings about a decrease in the population.
Answers must be essays and sentences
b. In what ways can the high population growth of Ghana be controlled
a. What is rural-urban drift/migration
b. Outline the causes of rural-urban migration
The cause of rural-urban drift is below
Firstly, the lack of jobs in the villages causes rural-urban drift
c. What are the effects of rural-urban migration
i. In the cities
ii. On the villages
d. In what ways can rural–urban migration be controlled?
SIGNIFICANT FEATURES OF THE EARTH
a. Describe the solar system
b. Name the planets in the solar system in order of their distance from the sun
c. Explain the following
i. Rotation of earth
ii. Revolution of the earth
(i) Rotation of the earth is the spinning or turning of the earth on itsown axis from West to East. The earth takes 24 hours to complete onits rotation. This means that every 15 degrees the earth rotates 1hour.
The rotation of the earth causes day and night.
(ii) The revolution of the earth is the movement of the earth in itsorbit around the sun. The earth completes its revolution in 365 andquarter days. This means that one revolution makes one year. Therevolution of the earth causes the seasons of the earth.
d. State three effects each;
i. Rotation of the earth
ii. Revolution of the earth
a. Describe with appropriate diagrams the types of eclipse
b. Describe how day and night occurred
a. Describe the formation of rainfall
b. With the aid of a diagram describe the types of rainfall
c. State four importance of rainfall
a. What are rocks
b. State and explain the three types of rocks
c. Outline the economic importance of rocks
d. State three properties of rocks
a. Make a sketch of the structure of the earth
b. Briefly explain;
i. The core of the earth
ii. The crust of the earth
c. List the continents of the world
d. List the oceans of the world
MAPPING OUR ENVIRONMENT
a. Define the following
iv. Contour line
b. State and explain the types of scale
c. Sketch and label the eight points on a compass
d. Describe how a map is drawn
The diagram represents a school field
If the scale of the actual field is 1:10,000
a. Calculate the length and width of the field
b. Calculate the area of the field
c. Draw the field using the scale
If the scale of the field changes to 1:5000,
d. Find the new length and width
e. Draw the new filed
f. What can you say of the two field?
OUR COUNTRY GHANA
a. Mention five national symbols that unite Ghanaians
b. List the ten regions of Ghana and provide their capital towns
a. What is national unity/integration
b. Outline the ways by which national unity can be achieved in the country
c. Explain four reasons for national unity
a. List five minerals mined in Ghana and provide the towns where they are
b. Describes four(4) economic importance of minerals to Ghana
c. Explain four problems associated with mining of minerals in Ghana
d. State four problems of mining in Ghana
a. Give six examples of drainage features and indicate them on the map of
b. Outline four importance of drainage features
c. In what four ways can water bodies be destroyed
d. State four ways of protecting the water bodies in the country
a. List four examples of highlands in Ghana
b. Describe the economic importance of highlands to Ghana
c. State four benefits of lowlands
a. On outline map of Ghana show and learn
i. The ten administrative regions in Ghana
ii. The equatorial regions in Ghana
iii. The vegetation in Ghana
iv. The two seasons in Ghana
THE ENVIRONMENT AND ITS CHALLENGES
a. What is the environment
b. Outline four(4) importance of the environment to man
a. What is environmental degradation
b. Describe four(4) activities of man that destroy the environment
a. What is meant by land degradation
b. Explain the causes of land degradation
c. Highlight four (4 ) effects of land degradation
d. Suggest four(4) measures to control land degradation
a. Define water pollution
b. Account for the causes of water pollution in the country
c. State four (4) effects of water pollution
d. Suggest four(4) measures to control water pollution
a. Explain air pollution
b. Explain the causes of air pollution
c. Outline the effects of air pollution
d. Suggest four measures to control air pollution
a. Define the following
iii. Soil erosion
iv. Bush burning
b. State four (4) causes of the environmental problems above
c. Mention the effects of the environmental problems above
d. Suggest the ways of controlling the environmental problems above
ADOLESCENT REPRODUCTIVE HEALTH
a. Explain the following
ii. Reproductive health
b. Mention four(4) physical features each of an adolescent boys and girls
c. State four emotional features of an adolescents
a. What is an adolescent irresponsible behaviour
b. Explain the causes of an adolescent irresponsible behaviour
c. Outline four effects of adolescent irresponsible behaviour
d. Suggest four measures that can help control adolescent irresponsible behaviour
a. What is chastity
b. Explain four ways of living a chaste life
c. Outline four benefits of chastity
d. Discuss the effects of living immoral life
GOVERNMENT, POLITICS AND STABILITY
PAST QUESTIONS TREND AND ANALYSIS
Ghana as a nation
Road to independence
Maintaining law and order
HIGHLY LIKELIHOOD (99% CONFIDENCE LEVEL)
• Ghana as a nation
• Maintaining law and order
GOVERNMENT, POLITICS AND STABILITY
This part is divided into two;
1. Ghana as a nation
2. The road to independence and nationhood
1. Citizenship and human rights
2. Constitution and how we are governed
3. Maintaining law and order in our community
GHANA AS A NATION
a. What is the migration of an ethnic group
b. Explain the reasons why ethnics groups migrated into the country
a. Mention the five major ethnic groups in Ghana
b. Outline the reason why Ghana is considered to be a cosmopolitan country
a. What is ethnicity/ethnocentrism
b. Outline four effects of tribalism
c. How can we control ethnicity in Ghana
a. What is colonization
b. Explain four positive effects of colonization
c. Outline four negative effects of colonization on Ghana
a. Explain the method used by the British to colonize west Africa
b. Describe the reasons why the British colonize Gold Coast
c. Suggest four reasons why the British came into Gold Coast
a. Describe the bond of 1844
b. State four elements in the bond of 1844
c. Mention four effects of the bond of 1844
a. Describe the Sagrenti war of 1874
b. State four causes of the Sagrenti war
c. Mention four effects of the Sagrenti war
a. Describe the poll tax ordinance of 1852
b. State four reasons for the poll tax ordinance
c. Mention four reasons for the failure of the poll tax ordinance of 1852
a. Describe the Yaa Asantewaah war of 1900
b. State the causes of the Yaa Asantewaah war
c. Mention four effects of the Yaa Asantewaah war
a. Briefly describe the 1948 riots
b. State four causes of the 1948 riots
c. Mention four effects of the 1948 riot
a. Briefly explain the Watson commission
b. State four recommendations made by the Watson commission
a. Write brief history and achievements of the following
i. Sir Allan burns
ii. Sir Guggisburg
iii. Dr. Kwame Nkrumah
b. State three causes of the overthrow of Kwame Nkrumah as president
c. Sate four qualities of Kwame Nkrumah which can be emulated
a. Who are the founding leaders
b. Mention five of the founding leaders of Ghana
c. Mention the members of the big six
a. What is a common goal
b. Outline the contents of the common goal of Ghana.
CITIZENSHIP AND HUMAN RIGHTS
a. What is citizenship
b. Outline the ways by which one can become the citizen of a country
a. Who is a citizen?
b. Explain four functions of a Ghanaian citizen
a. Explain the meaning of human right
b. Mention four types of human rights
c. List four examples of human rights
a. What is meant by human right abuse?
b. Explain four reasons why people suffer from human rights abuse
c. List five examples of human rights abuses
d. In what ways can human right abuse can be controlled/prevented
OUR CONSTITUTION AND HOW WE ARE GOVERNED
a. What is a constitution?
b. Outline four importance of a constitution
c. State four features of a good law
d. State the steps used in drafting the constitution of Ghana
a. Explain the following concept
i. Separation of powers
ii. Rule of law
iii. Checks and balances
b. State four advantages of separation of powers
c. State four disadvantages of separation of powers
d. In what ways can rule of law be achieved
MAINTAINING LAW AND ORDER IN THE COMMUNITY
a. Define the following
b. In what four ways can law and order be achieved
c. outline four importance of law and order
d. In what ways can law and order be ensured in the
CONFLICT PREVENTION AND MANAGEMENT
a. Define the following
ii. Conflict prevention
iii. Conflict management
b. Explain the sources of conflicts in our community
a. Explain four effects of conflict
b. Explain four ways of managing conflicts
c. State four ways of preventing conflicts
GHANA’S CO-OPERATION WITH OTHER NATIONS
a. What is co-operation
b. Outline the ways be which Ghana co-operate with other nations
c. Explain the benefits of co-operation to Ghana
a. Mention five international organizations by which Ghana is a member
b. Explain the benefits Ghana derived from being a member of such
c. In what ways do Ghana help some international organizations
d. State four disadvantages of co-operation
PROMOTING POLITICAL STABILITY IN THE COUNTRY
a. What is democracy
b. Explain four features of democracy
a. What is political stability
b. Highlight four ways by which political stability can be achieved
a. What is political instability
b. Explain four causes of political instability
c. Outline four effects of political instability on the country
a. What is democratic government
b. Outline the importance of democracy
c. Explain four disadvantages of democracy
GOVERNMENT AND SOCIETY
a. Define the following
b. Describe the structure of government at
i. The national level
ii. Regional level
iii. District level
iv. Area level
c. Outline the functions of the
ii. District chief executive
a. Outline four ways by which the district’s assembly finance their projects
b. Explain four problems facing the district assembly
c. Suggest the solutions to the problems of the district assembly
a. Outline the functions of the
i. The executive
b. Differentiate between voting and election
c. Outline the importance of voting
d. Explain the functions of government
SOCIAL AND ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT
PAST QUESTIONS AND 2019 TREND ANALYSIS
2022 Managing finances
The use of land in the community
Problems in Ghana
SOCIAL AND ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT
This part is divided into two parts namely; social and economic development
1. Problems of development in Ghana
2. The use of land in the community
1. Our natural resource
3. Managing finances
4. Education and productivity
Note: WAEC sets at least one question from each section; social and
HIGHLY LIKELIHOOD (99% CONFIDENCE LEVEL)
1. Problems of development
2. Education and productivity
3. Managing our finances
4. The use of land in the community
5. Resources and Production
These topics are scaled in order of importance; the first is the most
likely and that order
THE USE OF LAND IN COMMUNITY
iii. Natural resources
b. Outline the uses of land in the community
a. What is settlement
b. Name and explain the types of settlement
c. Explain the reasons why a good layout is necessary
a. In what ways can we prevent slum development in Ghana
b. Explain the effects of slums
NATURAL AND HUMAN RESOURCES
a. What are natural resources
b. Explain the economic importance of natural resources
a. What are resources
b. State and explain the types of resources
c. What are the importance of resources
a. Outline four reasons why natural resources are not efficiently utilized
b. Outline the problems created by natural resources exploitations
c. In what four ways can resource be efficiently be utilized
a. What is human resource
b. Outline the importance of human resources
c. Account for the reasons why human resources are not efficiently utilized
In what five ways can human resources be developed?
a. What is production
b. List and explain the types of production
c. Explain four economic importance of production
a. What is primary production
b. List four examples of primary production
c. Outline the benefits of primary production
a. What are the problems facing primary production
b. Suggest the ways by which primary production can be developed
a. What is meant by secondary production/manufacturing industry
b. Explain the economic importance of secondary production
c. Describe the problems facing secondary production
Outline the ways by which secondary production can be promoted
a. What is tertiary/services production
b. Account for the importance of the services industry in Ghana
a. What are the problems facing the services industry
b. In what ways can tertiary production be promoted
MANAGING OUR FINANCES
a. Define a currency of a country
b. State four ways of defacing a currency of a country
c. State four ways of handling the currency of a country properly
a. What is savings
b. Outline the ways/avenues of savings towards the future
c. Explain the importance of savings
Account for the problems created by poor handling of money in the country
TOURISM, LEISURE AND DEVELOPMENT
a. Define the following
b. List five tourist sites and the place they are located in the country
c. Describe four economic importance of tourism in the country
a. Outline the reasons why people go on tour
b. Describe the problems facing tourism in the country
a. Give four reasons why Ghanaians do not show interest in tourism
b. In what four ways can tourism be promoted in the country
What are the negative effects of tourism in the country?
EDUCATION AND PRODUCTIVITY
a. Explain the following
b. What are the factors that can affect the productivity of a country
a. What is productivity
b. Describe the reasons for low productivity at the workplace
c. Suggest ways of improving productivity in the workplace
a. What is technology
b. List four examples of technologies at the workplace
c. Outline the importance of technology
a. Explain the following
b. List the forms of enterprises in Ghana
c. State the advantages and the disadvantages of the types of enterprises in
a. Explain the meaning of state enterprise
b. Outline the reasons why the state owns some enterprises in the country
c. Explain the problems facing the state enterprises
a. What roles do the state play to promote private enterprises in the
b. Suggest the solutions to the problems facing state enterprises
a. Explain the meaning of private enterprise
b. What roles should the private enterprises play to obtain government
a. What are the advantages of private enterprises
b. Account for the problems facing the private enterprises in the country
c. What are the disadvantages of the private enterprises
PROBLEMS OF DEVELOPMENT IN GHANA & SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT
a. What is economic development
b. What are the factors responsible for economic development in Ghana
a. List and explain some of the problems facing Ghana
b. Suggest solutions to some of the problems facing the country
a. Explain some of the social problems facing Ghana
b. In what four ways can the problems be solved
What accounts for the following in the country?
a. Low agriculture
b. High indebtedness
c. Aid dependency
d. Economic mismanagement
f. High birth rate
g. Low literacy rate
a. What are non-governmental organizations
b. List five examples of NGO
c. Outline the contributions of the NGO to Ghana
a. Explain four problems facing NGO
b. Suggest solutions to the problems facing NGO
a. What is sustainable development
b. Outline the ways of conserving the forest, water bodies, land, timber
a. Account for the ways of improving the health of Ghanaians
b. Explain the ways of reducing foreign aid in the country
YOUTH AND DISCIPLINE
a. Explain the concept of discipline
b. List four examples of disciplinary acts of the youths
c. State four benefits of discipline
a. Explain the meaning of indiscipline
b. List and explain fives examples of indiscipline acts
c. Outline the causes of indiscipline
a. Explain the effects of indiscipline
b. Suggest ways of curbing indiscipline in the country
Using the predicted questions and answers to guide yourself on how to answer questions on Social Studies as well as likely examination questions.
I wish all BECE candidates the best in their exams,
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