EducationGhana| January 23|Business Programmes or Courses being offered in the Senior High Schools in Ghana: Ghanaian Senior High and Technical Schools offer some specific and general courses that are meant to progress the students into any Tertiary Institution in and out of Ghana.
Some of the very programmes being offered at the Senior High and Technical Schools include the following: Business, Science, Home Economics etc.
This article shall give an insight into the business programme, its rational and specific courses or subjects being taught under it.
The business programme is for students who wish to pursue business-related programmes in tertiary institutions including Colleges of Education and Universities. Currently, Nursing Institutions no longer accept business students.
Some of the courses or subjects being taught under the business programme are;
1. Business Management
A Business enterprise is an organization for managing resources to satisfy human needs and wants. A healthy economy and an improved standard of living depend on efficient and purposeful management of resources for the production of goods and services.
Without an efficient management system, no organization can achieve any meaningful growth to be able to contribute financially and socially to its owner(s), staff and to the nation in general.
One of the major goals of Ghana‟s economic development is to improve the nation‟s management capability towards the enhancement of the standard of living of its people.
The course in business management will help to develop a business management culture, which is vital for promoting economic development. It is also intended to acquaint students with knowledge of principles and procedures in business and skills that are necessary for a successful business career.
The course will further lead to the acquisition of attitudes that are necessary for success in modern business practice.
2. Financial Accounting
Financial Accounting is a prerequisite for sound management of business and non-profit oriented organizations.
Lack of accounting efficiency has led to irregularities in the financial administration of both public and private institutions in the country.
The improvement in accountancy education, besides moral and ethical training, has in a significant way improved the efficient operations of the economic sector of the country‟s development in recent years.
The rapid increases in the number of institutions as well as the general expansion in business activities in Ghana have increased the demand for accounting personnel at all levels.
This has made accountancy education assume a high priority in the human resource development programme of the country.
Accountancy education leads to improvement in students‟ numeracy skills and further provides them with background skills for future business studies.
Accountancy offers ready employment to students who do well in the subject, thus offering them life long enriching careers such as accountant, auditor, banker, financial analyst, tax consultant, management consultant, accounting lecturers/ teachers etc.
This syllabus contains enough accountancy knowledge and skills for Senior High School students for purposes of their end-of-course examination.
The syllabus also prepares students towards future career paths in accounting related vocations as well as provides them with an adequate foundation for pursuing higher professional and academic courses in accounting
People, as well as, countries have the need for more and better quality goods and services such as better food, clothing, housing, schooling, hospital care and entertainment.
These goods and services can only be obtained by the use of resources such as Land, Labour, Capital and Entrepreneurship which are scarce relative to the demand for them, and which, therefore, need to be managed.
Economics, indeed, is the study of the management of relatively scarce resources for
satisfying the needs of individuals, organizations and countries.
As a practical subject, Economics helps to provide an effective framework for individuals, firms and governments to identify their basic economic problems and make necessary decisions and policies for raising the living standards of people and societies.
Indeed, the study of Economics helps the individual to develop skills for managing his/her economic resources efficiently both in the family and in business. The course further equips students with the basic tools required for further
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5. Elective Mathematics – E Maths
The abilities to read, analyze and calculate are the three fundamental skills that are vital for living and working.
The level of mathematics one may study depends upon the type of work or profession one may choose in life and on one‟s aptitude and interest.
Elective mathematics deals with reasoning by analogies, making judgments through discrimination of values, analysis of data, and communication of one‟s thoughts through symbolic expression and graphs.
Elective Mathematics at the Senior High School level builds on the Core Mathematics of Senior High School.
It is a requirement as a foundation for those who would wish to embark on professional studies in engineering, scientific research, and a number of studies in tertiary and other institutions of higher learning.
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6. ICT Elective
This syllabus is designed to provide advanced skills in Information and Communications Technology (ICT) for Senior High School (SHS) students.
It is expected that the knowledge and skills gained in this course will prepare students to pursue ICT courses in years ahead and provide them with the basic skills needed for
the ICT job market.
The syllabus covers selected topics in ICT which offer hands-on activities to help students acquire the required ICT skills.
7. Clerical Office Duties – COD
The business enterprise is the major avenue for managing resources to satisfy human needs and wants in the modern world.
No organization can achieve any meaningful growth and contribute financially and socially to its owners, its staff and the nation as a whole without an efficient office system.
The Business Office is no doubt, the hub and nerve centre around which activities of every organization revolve.
The office plays a leading role in the discharge of all administrative duties and in the management of human and material resources of all types of business.
It is also engaged in buying and selling of goods, transferring of money, arrangement of transportation and documentation of business activities.
The Clerical Office Duties (COD) course is therefore designed to equip the learner with the necessary knowledge, skills and competencies needed to cope with the changing needs of the modern office.
Apart from the skills offered to learners, the course also aims to equip learners with the adequate foundation to pursue academic and professional education in the business, industry and related fields.
It is also expected to equip learners well enough to enter the most attractive jobs.
With all these courses or subjects being taught under the business programme, each student is expected to learn any four of them.
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Programmes of Study in the Universities
- Business Administration
2. Public administration
5. Supply chain Management
6. Human Resource Management
7. Accounting & Financial management
8. Programmes of Study in the Colleges of Education
Programmes of Study in the Colleges of Education
Bachelor of Education in
- Early Grade Education
- Primary Education
- JHS Education
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