EducationGhabna| January 23| SHS Grading System and Procedure in Ghana:
To improve assessment and grading and also introduce uniformity in schools, it is recommended that schools adopt the following WASSCE grade structure for
assigning grades on students‟ test results. The WASSCE structure is as follows:
Grade A1: 80 – 100% – Excellent
Grade B2: 70 – 79% – Very Good
Grade B3: 60 – 69% – Good
Grade C4: 55 – 59% – Credit
Grade C5: 50 – 54% – Credit
Grade C6: 45 – 49% – Credit
Grade D7: 40 – 44% – Pass
Grade D8: 35 – 39% – Pass
Grade F9: 34% and below – Fail
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In assigning grades to students‟ test results, you are encouraged to apply the above grade boundaries and the descriptors which indicate the meaning of each grade.
The grade boundaries i.e., 60-69%, 50-54% etc., are the grade cut-off scores. For instance, the grade cut-off score for B2 grade is 70-79% in the example.
When you adopt a fixed cut-off score grading system as in this example, you are using the criterion-referenced grading system.
By this system, a student must make a specified score to be awarded the requisite grade.
This system of grading challenges students to study harder to earn better grades. It is hence a very useful system for grading achievement tests.
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Always remember to develop and use a marking scheme for marking your class examination scripts.
A marking scheme consists of the points for the best answer you expect for each question, the marks allocated for each point raised by the student as well as the total marks for the question.
For instance, if a question carries 20 marks and you expect 6 points in the best answer, you could allocate 3 marks or part of it (depending upon the quality of the points raised by the
student) to each point, hence totalling 18 marks, and then give the remaining 2 marks or part of it for the organization of the answer.
For objective test papers, you may develop an answer key to speed up the marking.
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