Ghanaian Language Designated as Elective Subject in 2024 BECE: Reasons and Implications Explained

    Minister of Education Visits Flood-Affected Battor Town, Pledges Ghana Support for Recovery
    Minister of Education Visits Flood-Affected Battor Town, Pledges Support for Recovery

    Ferdinand EducationGhana | March 04 |Ghanaian Language Designated as Elective Subject in 2024 BECE: Reasons and Implications Explained

    “Learn why the Ghana Education Service and WAEC decided to make Ghanaian Language an elective subject for the 2024 BECE. Understand the rationale behind this decision and its implications for students across the country.”


    The decision by the Ghana Education Service (GES) and the West African Examinations Council (WAEC) to classify Ghanaian Language as an elective subject for the 2024 Basic Education Certificate Examination (BECE) has sparked discussions nationwide.

    Understanding the rationale behind this decision is crucial for students, educators, and stakeholders in the education sector.

    Reasons Behind the Decision

    1. Diverse Dialects: Ghana boasts a rich tapestry of languages and dialects, each with its own unique characteristics. Unlike English, which is standardized across the country, Ghanaian languages vary significantly across regions and communities. Standardizing these languages as core subjects poses challenges due to the diverse linguistic landscape.
    2. Regional Variation: Each region in Ghana has its predominant language or dialect, further complicating the standardization process. With no universally accepted dialect for examination purposes, designating Ghanaian Language as an elective subject allows students to choose the language they are most proficient in.
    3. Elective Subject Flexibility: Making Ghanaian Language an elective subject provides students with the flexibility to choose the specific language or dialect they have studied. This ensures that candidates are assessed based on their proficiency in a language that aligns with their linguistic background, rather than a standardized version.
    4. Collaborative Effort: The decision reflects collaboration between the GES, WAEC, and other education stakeholders. Feedback from the National Council for Curriculum and Assessment (NaCCA) influenced the revision of the initial proposal, emphasizing the importance of flexibility and inclusivity in the examination system.
      Update: Computing Replaces Ghanaian Language as Optional Subject in 2024 BECE
      GES Announces Dates for BECE and WASSCE 2024 – School Candidates Get Ready
      NaCCA Clarifies Certification on Common Core Programme (CCP) Subjects for 2024 BECE
      GES Confirms Subjects for 2024 BECE: Ghanaian Language Sparks Debate
      2024 BECE Subjects Confirmed: GES Reveals Core and Optional Choices

    Implications and Considerations

    As students prepare for the BECE, they are encouraged to consider their language preferences and academic strengths when selecting elective subjects. The revised subject offerings aim to provide greater choice and personalization while maintaining the integrity and relevance of the examination.

    In educational systems worldwide, students encounter a variety of subjects that shape their learning journey. Among these, core, elective, and optional subjects play distinct roles in curriculum design and student choice. Let’s explore each category to understand their significance:

    Core Subjects: Building the Foundation

    Core subjects constitute the essential pillars of a curriculum, providing students with foundational knowledge and skills. These courses are mandatory and form the backbone of academic learning. Core subjects are carefully selected to ensure that students acquire a well-rounded education encompassing essential areas of study.

    Examples of core subjects include Mathematics, English Language/Literature, Science (Biology, Chemistry, Physics), History, Geography, Languages (native or foreign), and Physical Education. These subjects are standardized across educational institutions to ensure consistency and comprehensiveness in the curriculum.

    Elective Subjects: Tailoring Education to Interests

    Elective subjects offer students the opportunity to tailor their education according to their interests, passions, or career aspirations. Unlike core subjects, elective courses are not compulsory but are instead chosen by students based on their preferences. These subjects allow students to explore specific areas of study in greater depth or to diversify their academic experiences.

    The range of elective subjects available may vary depending on the educational institution and level. Examples include Psychology, Economics, Computer Science, Art and Design, Music, Environmental Science, Sociology, and Business Studies. Elective subjects empower students to shape their academic journey according to their individual interests and goals.

    Optional Subjects: Niche Areas of Study

    Optional subjects, while not mandatory for all students, provide additional choices for those seeking to further customize their education. These courses may be more specialized or niche, appealing to a smaller subset of students with specific interests or career paths. Optional subjects are often offered alongside core and elective courses to broaden the range of learning opportunities available.

    Examples of optional subjects include Advanced Placement (AP) courses, Foreign languages (beyond the required language courses), Advanced mathematics or science topics, Specialized vocational courses (e.g., culinary arts, automotive technology), Philosophy, Film Studies, Robotics, and Legal Studies. Optional subjects cater to diverse student interests and aspirations, allowing them to delve deeper into niche areas of study.


    The decision to designate Ghanaian Language as an elective subject in the 2024 BECE reflects a nuanced understanding of Ghana’s linguistic diversity and educational landscape. It underscores the importance of flexibility, inclusivity, and relevance in the examination system, ensuring that all students have the opportunity to demonstrate their proficiency and excel academically. As stakeholders continue to adapt to these changes, collaboration and dialogue will be essential in shaping the future of education in Ghana.


    Scheme of Works  

    1. Term 2 JHS 1 TO 3 Sample Weekly  Scheme of Learning >>                Download
    2. JHS 1 Social Studies Termly and  Weekly  Scheme of Learning >>>>       Download
    3. JHS 1 Computing Termly and  Weekly  Scheme of Learning >>                  Download
    4. JHS 1 Science Termly and  Weekly  Scheme of Learning >>>>                  Download
    5. JHS 1 Ghanaian Language Termly and  Weekly SoL >                                 Download
    6. JHS 1 Career Technology Termly and  Weekly  Scheme of Learning >       Download
    7. JHS 1 Mathematics Termly and  Weekly  Scheme of Learning >                 Download
    8. JHS 1 English Language Termly and  Weekly  Scheme of Learning >         Download
    9. JHS 1 French Termly and  Weekly  Scheme of Learning >                          Download
    10. Term 2: Nursery,  KG to Basic 6 Weekly Scheme of Learning               Download 

    11. JHS 3 Second Term Scheme of Learning                                               Download
    12. JHS 2 Second Term Scheme of Learning                                                Download

    Visit HERE to check out many more scholarship opportunities.

    Get these important resources:

    . CCP Curriculum Materials

    1. CCP Curriculum for Basic 7 to 9                                               Download
    2. CCP Curriculum Training Manual for Teachers:                      Download
    3. CCP Curriculum Teacher and Learners Resource Packs:        Download
    4. PowerPoint Presentation on CC Curriculum for Basic 7-9              Download

    Updates on Research Works

    What's your take on this Latest Development?